Manual Healing Traditions: Alternative Medicine and the Health Professions

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Twitter Facebook Email. This Issue. Walter Wardwell, PhD.

  1. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)!
  2. Protestantism and Drama in Early Modern England.
  3. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)!
  4. A National Model - Holistic Health Studies in Higher Education.
  5. Healing Traditions: Alternative Medicine and the Health Professions.
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The Chiropractic Act limits the practice of chiropractic to members of the College of Chiropractors. The legislation permits the use of the title "Doctor" by members of the College of Chiropractors of Ontario. No offence is committed under the Health Professions Act when an otherwise impermissible joint movement is performed in the course of "treating a person by prayer or spiritual means in accordance with the tenets of the religion of the person giving the treatment" or where the treatment is performed by an aboriginal medical practitioner providing traditional medicine services to aboriginal persons or members of an aboriginal community.

Chiropractors have professional status in Alberta In , Alberta introduced requirements for the continuing education of licensed chiropractors Practitioners must acquire 75 hours of continuing education every three years as a condition for renewal of their annual licence.

Full credit is given for participation in programmes accredited with listed professional bodies. Credit may also be given for other educational activities with an emphasis in chiropractic, such as research or university studies. In Saskatchewan, the Chiropractic Act of repeals the Act on the same subject and prohibits anyone other than a member of the Chiropractors' Association from using the titles "Chiropractor", "Doctor of Chiropractic", or "any word, title or designation, abbreviated or otherwise, to imply that the person is engaged in or qualified to engage in the practice of chiropractic.

No person other than a practising member shall engage, for fee or reward, in the practice of chiropractic. Subsection 1 does not apply to a person providing first aid or temporary assistance in cases of emergency. Nothing in this Act extends to or interferes with the privileges conferred on any person who practices a profession, trade or calling that the person is licensed or authorized to practise pursuant to any other Act.

British Columbia, Alberta, and Quebec include acupuncture among their regulated health professions. Saskatchewan and the Yukon Territory have guidelines on the practice of acupuncture.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)

A report by the British Columbia Health Professions Council recommended the designation of acupuncture as a health profession with three limitations: acupuncture should not be used in the treatment of serious illnesses, such as cancer; acupuncture should not be used as anaesthesia during surgery, unless supervised by a physician or dentist; and the patient must be told to consult an allopathic physician, dentist, or naturopath if acupuncture fails to improve the patient's condition within two months.

The Ministry of Health in British Columbia has agreed that traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture should be regulated. In April , the British Columbia Health Professions Council recommended designating "the profession of traditional Chinese medicine as a health profession under the Health Professions Act. This college will ensure that practitioners complete adequate training based on Government standards.

Autobiography / Loss of Traditional Medicine - Hakim Archuletta (Natural Health Series: Session 2)

The Health Disciplines Act of sets out a framework for the recognition and regulation of health disciplines in Alberta. Acupuncture is governed by the accompanying Acupuncture Regulation.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)

In order to be registered as a member of the acupuncture health profession, an applicant, who need not be an allopathic physician, must complete both an approved programme of study and an examination. Competence in English must also be demonstrated. However, this requirement may be waived where the applicant practices under the supervision of an English-speaking acupuncturist. Before acupuncture treatment is administered in Alberta, the patient must have consulted with an allopathic physician or dentist and informed the acupuncturist of this.

Acupuncturists are prohibited from implying to patients that acupuncture cures diseases or advising patients to discontinue treatment recommended by an allopathic physician or dentist. If an improvement in the patient's condition does not occur within six months, the patient must be referred to an allopathic physician or dentist. In Alberta, permissible technical modes of practice are restricted to needle acupuncture, electro-acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, and acupressure.

Only non-invasive measuring equipment may be used in patient examinations. The Acupuncture Regulation also lists a number of procedures that cannot be delegated to non-acupuncturists, including taking patients' medical histories, using diagnostic instruments or therapeutic devices on patients, and inserting or removing acupuncture needles.

Rules were also introduced concerning the practice of acupuncture by non-physicians Non-physician practitioners must hold a recognized college diploma and pass an acupuncture exam set by the Quebec medical regulatory body. Detailed patient records must be kept covering matters such as diagnoses made, treatments rendered, and details of patient consultations with other medical professionals, including allopathic physicians.

Under Section 44 of the Medical Act of Quebec, no person can claim to be an acupuncturist unless he or she is a registered non-physician or allopathic physician who has undergone the required training in acupuncture. Moreover, non-physician practitioners are precluded from using the title "Doctor" or any title that may infer that status unless they have a doctorate in acupuncture, in which case they may use the title "Doctor of Acupuncture". A number of medical professional regulatory bodies in Canada have published guidelines relating to acupuncture. In Saskatchewan, such guidelines were drawn up by the College of Physicians and Surgeons These permit the practice of acupuncture by allopathic physicians who hold a recognized diploma.

The guidelines do not mention the practice of acupuncture by non-physicians. Guidelines issued by the Yukon Medical Council , however, state that acupuncture is a medical procedure that should only be performed by allopathic physicians or dentists with an appropriate level of training. The guidelines do not permit physicians to delegate acupuncture procedures to others, such as physiotherapists, "except in an approved institutional setting such as a public hospital".

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The reasoning behind this is that the Yukon guidelines acknowledge that acupuncture has a "valid role" in patient management but warn that, based on current knowledge, "it does not have a curative effect on the fundamental disease process". The guidelines strongly endorse two training programmes recognized by the College of Physicians and Surgeons in British Columbia, but stop short of requiring completion of a programme of study. Naturopathy is regulated in Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan In each of these three provinces, naturopaths must meet specified educational requirements and be registered in order to practise naturopathy or use the title of "Naturopath".

Educational requirements include the completion of a four-year college programme. Manitoba and Saskatchewan also require an examination in anatomy, physiology, chemistry, general diagnosis, and the principles of naturopathy. In all provinces, naturopaths are prohibited from performing certain health care activities, such as the prescription and administration of allopathic drugs, obstetrical practice, and surgery. In Alberta, two corresponding provisions in the Chiropractic Profession Act of forbid dual registration as a naturopath and chiropractor. One states that registered chiropractors cannot practise naturopathy and the other that practising naturopaths cannot be registered as chiropractors.

In , the Institute of Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture 87 was established to promote the training standards of the Chinese Medicine and Acupuncture Association of Canada. Students interested in entering the four-year programme offered by the Institute are required to have first completed three years of coursework in the sciences at a recognized university. There are two chiropractic colleges in Canada recognized by the World Federation of Chiropractic Some provincial health insurance plans cover chiropractic Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and New Brunswick only for seniors who purchase extended coverage , and one covers naturopathy British Columbia Osteopathy is covered in Alberta Workers' compensation boards cover chiropractic in all provinces and territories.

Workers' compensation boards in British Columbia, Newfoundland, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Yukon Territory cover acupuncture on a case-by-case basis or on prescription by an allopathic physician 92, Patients are now solely responsible for the cost of acupuncture treatment This insurance is a non-taxable benefit so long as, among other things, reimbursement is only provided for qualified medical practitioners, which include chiropractors, osteopaths, naturopaths, therapists, acupuncturists, and dieticians Last updated: October 29,